Medicine and surgery


Introductory statement

Developing an effective healthcare delivery system and ensuring its universal access immensely depends on the status of the medical education system, nature and the quality of medical manpower produced by medical institutes. To improve that, research, innovation programme, pedagogy, and the state of medical education requires a lot of concrete efforts.

Rwanda has faced various challenges in the medical field, most issues of those problems are caused by the shortage in number of medical Doctors in the country and with a progressive population's growth which is currently estimated at 3% per year while the number of Rwandan Doctors' growth ratio is still very low as one MD is supposed to take care of patients ranging between 20,000 to 30,000 in number. The main reason of this shortage of medical institutions such as universities and higher learning institutes offering this type of medical programs; only the National University (UR) is offering one public Faculty of Medicine, to this, the probability that the number of prospective Medical Doctors in our country will augment is still very low without having alternative either public or private medical training Institutions. To fill this gap, UG, a private educational institution has started the faculty of Medicine which will be of a great importance in increasing the number of Medical Doctors, a very big challenge which has been faced by the Government of Rwanda for a long time ago.

The faculty of Medicine at UG has been drawn from the former Human Biology faculty, a program which was started at the same time with the UG's doors opening in November 1993, with the main goal of further converting this faculty into Medicine. This faculty (Human Biology) continued running till when UG got the provisional license from the government during its Cabinet Session of 2nd October 2002 followed by a full accreditation and degrees awarding power in the cabinet session of 11st May 2011.

The same programs offered by the faculty of Medicine in the former National University of Rwanda were also taught in the Human Biology faculty of UG during the first two years but with a minor difference in the duration of the program of the Faculty of Medicine at NUR which took two years for Pre-clinical I and II formally called Human Biology, the Faculty of Human Biology in UG was completed in three years.

UG received the letters no 4178/1200/2012 from the Ministry of Education authorizing this private institution to start new programs namely Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery (BMS) and Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSc). A new letter no 1015/12.00/2013 from the Ministry of Education provided the authorization to reopen the school of Medicine with an admission to start at the level 1.

The mission of the faculty of medicine

The mission of the faculty of Medicine is to educate medical graduate students fellows in accordance with the highest professional standards; to prepare clinicians, qualified, competent physicians to practice patient-centered medicine of the highest standard; to identify and answer fundamental questions in the mechanisms, prevention and treatment of disease, in health care delivery, and in the basic sciences which will result in fostering a culture of innovation, problem-solving, and international collaboration.

The aim of the per-doctoral curriculum of the School of Medicine is to produce leaders in Medicine who will take the foundation of a broad education in Medicine to improve health through patient care, research, and education.

The Vision of the Faculty of Medicine

In leading the advancement of human health, the faculty of Medicine will:

  • Cultivate excellence and collegiality within an inclusive community
  • Attract and develop a diverse, talented, academic workforce
  • Lead the revolution in biomedicine
  • Enhance our intellectual and technological environment to foster
  • Enhance an exceptionally creative research and education
  • Develop and maintain excellent clinical programs to provide outstanding care
  • Observe the highest standards of ethics, integrity, and compassionate care
  • Apply advances in research and medicine to the betterment of the human condition locally and globally

The vision is to increase the number of excellent and professional physicians who are competitive nationally, regionally and internationally and leaders in medical education and research.

Values

  • Integrity in all of our endeavors
  • Commitment to innovation and excellence
  • Promotion of social justice, equity, diversity, and professionalism
  • Effective partnership with all our stakeholders
  • Multi-professional and interdisciplinary collaboration
  • Supportive and respectful relationships
  • Accountability and transparency
  • Responsiveness to our local, national, and international health needs

Why study Medicine at UG?

UG is the first private Institution with a privilege of offering a Medicine faculty in Rwanda. This is a very advantageous solution for competent students having excellently completed their high school in natural sciences and wishing to pursue their graduate studies in a medical faculty. Upon completing six years of the undergraduate program, our graduates are awarded a degree of Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery.

The UG has signed MoU with different hospitals (CHUB, RMH, RUHANGO, KIGEME, KAKGAYI, MUNINI, and RUHENGERI), and with some popular and excellent medical Universities from the United States of America namely Stanford Medical School and Nebraska University. Various professional doctors from these foreigner universities are working as our part-time lecturers at UG.

Admission Requirement

The UG admits all students without any discrimination of race, nationality, region, or religion. The UG's program selects candidates who demonstrate the potential to become Rwandan’s future health care leaders. We welcome all students having obtained an Advanced General Certificate of Secondary Education with at least two principal passes permitting him/her an entry to the higher education or equivalent.

The admission process identifies the best possible candidates for the medical school through assessing each applicant's overall achievements, including those in academic and non-academic areas. It is understood that academic excellence is necessary, but not sufficient, to ensure success as a physician. As a multitude of factors are used to determine candidates to be selected, and as the applicant pool varies in qualifications from year to year, there will be an overlap in the distribution of scores, and other criteria in accepted and declined candidates, and not all candidates who meet minimum academic requirements will be offered a position.

In short, the candidate should fulfill the following requirements:

  • The candidate should have followed PCB, MCB, and BCG in Secondary School
  • Biology being the main core –lesson, a student filling the 1st principal must have obtained a passing score in this lesson.
  • The candidate must have obtained an aggregate of at least 40 marks.
  • He/she must have an aggregate of 24marks in both biology and any other subject in total.

Program Profile

The undergraduate program is 6 years, divided into two stages: Pre-clinical course and Clinical Medicine. The 1st and 2nd years of the course are the foundations of the Medicine program which aims at introducing students to the fundamental aspects of the structure and function of the healthy body, and to the basic mechanisms underlying disease. Students learn the principles of both medical sociology and of psychology for Medicine and consider the experimental evidence that supports our scientific understanding. Students learn about the scientific method, experimental techniques, and data interpretation; and become increasingly critical of what they read in books and learn in lectures.

The clinical program comprises a series of modules that revisit and build upon the knowledge base that was established in Foundations of Medicine 1 and 2. The normal and abnormal structure and function of each of the body systems (e.g. cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, renal, neurological, and endocrine) are studied in depth, students examine the scientific basis of important disease mechanisms and therapeutic treatment in each of the body systems.

Students learn to take a history, perform physical examinations relating to each system, and interpret the investigation results. An internship and final year dissertation are reserved for final graduating students of this faculty.

Teaching and Learning

Bachelor in General Medicine and Surgery is a program taught either on teacher-student interaction or online discussion basis. C-D rooms and slides, demonstrations in the skills lab, individual and group assignments, Clerkship, and community health are good examples of this education methodology at UG. All modules have appropriate theoretical and practical classes.

Clerkship placements will be done at various hospitals ( district and referral hospitals) under the close supervision of the UG's clinical instructors. Furthermore, Computer-aided learning and assessment packages are used to supplement lectures and as an aid to assess the students' performance which have an extensive access to IT facilities within the Institution.

Assessment Strategies

The following components will contribute to the student’ assessment:

Continuous Assessment Tests (CAT) is 60%. This may be in the form of assignments, quiz, mid-exams. At the end of each semester, a final examination will be given at the score of 40%, it will be a composite of questions from different units covering the module.

During the clinical courses, the assessment strategies will include: Clinical posting reports, case practical evaluations by both the head of Departments in charge of services and clinical instructors. After the 6th level, successful students from this program will be required to pass a final examination and submit a relevant dissertation.

Exit Profile

Graduates from this program will be able to assume various responsibilities such as professional and competent Doctors in providing promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative care in district and referral hospitals. They will have the following skills throughout their career, as much of their time will be spent studying new procedures and medicines.

Scientific Skills

They will be skilled in science, diagnosis, and treatment.

Communication Skills

Thanks to the language-related course, they will gain much more communication skills at UG

Patient Care Skills

They include confidence, empathy, being humane, respectfulness, and thoroughness.

Career Opportunities

The broad training in medical school opportunities at the national, regional and international level will help the graduates from this program in being able to work as a General Practitioner in hospitals, health education institutions, health research centers, clinics, health-related NGOs, and health administration. In partnership with universities from the United States, graduates are the candidate for a professional exchange.

Postgraduates Opportunities

The broad training in medical school opportunities at the national, regional and international level will help the graduates from this program in being able to work as a General Practitioner in hospitals, health education institutions, health research centers, clinics, health-related NGOs, and health administration. In partnership with universities from the United States, graduates are the candidate for a professional exchange.



FOCAL PERSON TO CONTACT

Dean of Faculty of Medicine
Dr GAKWAVU Andre
+250788673233




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